Gap of the Entrance to the Space (Kainyūsa), 1979/2016
Separating Dependence (Izonsa), 1973/2013
The installation Gap of the Entrance to the Space is composed of a reflective surface of zinc plates on which both natural and cut stones have been placed. Where the cut stones stand, Kishio Suga has removed the sections of the zinc plates beneath them and placed them on top of the stones — and thus the surface appears to rise and gain in volume. The reflective surface of the zinc emphasizes the physical differences and properties of the materials: the shiny surface of the metal, the roughness of the natural stones and the smoothness and geometric forms of the cut stones. Some of the latter stand at the perimeter of the structure, extending out from the zinc sheets and onto the original floor of the space. This creates the sense that the work is open to the exterior while also drawing attention to its physical boundaries and the close relationship between the surroundings and the arrangement of the objects. In addition, Suga makes the internal limits of the structure visible by emphasizing the lines that demarcate the individual zinc plates.
Various thematic and formal characteristics are shared by Gap of the Entrance to the Space and an earlier work from 1973 titled Separating Dependence, which is also composed of zinc plates.
In the latter work, Suga has created an installation in which each element is combined and connected to the next through dependence: the zinc sheets of the base are bent to create a frame and are supported by cement blocks, while thin metal pipes connect several stones placed on the surface to the walls and to one another. For the artist, every object is completely assimilated in a unitary structure through a relationship that is not purely physical. According to curator Hitoshi Dehara, «“Dependence” is not limited to relationships of mutual physical support but includes various aspects of spatial placement, visual relationships, and semantics as well.»
The very title of the work reveals what Suga is attempting to underline: on one hand, the dependence between the different elements and the overall structure, and on the other, the separation between this and the surrounding environment, with the use of metal poles that emphasize the presence of the walls, and of folded zinc sheets to separate the metal surface and the space.